From Fossil to Biobased
This research area deals with environmental and energy systems aspects of the transition from fossil to biobased materials, chemicals and fuels. It covers the following topics:
- Markets and policies of biobased fuels and products
- Biomass availability, resource efficiency and sustainability
- Sustainability assessment of existing and emerging products and processes.
Markets and policies of biobased fuels and products
Research on this topic addresses both impacts of policies and market demands on the transition, but also inputs to decision makers on how to formulate policies.
Biomass availability, resource efficiency and sustainability
Research on this topic addresses the biomass resource and includes potential studies, and how to use a scarce resource in the most efficient way. It also includes sustainability issues in the primary production chain, like forestry/biodiversity, agriculture/soil carbon, and high greenhouse gas emissions systems like meat and dairy.
Sustainability assessment of existing and emerging products and processes
Research on this topic addresses environmental, technoeconomic and social sustainability for emerging products (bioplastics, biojet fuels etc) and existing and emerging production processes (biobased production, but also other related production chains like waste management, manure handling etc). It also examines bioenergy systems that are developed to involve biogenic CO2 utilisation, and hydrogen boosting of biomass conversion processes. Technoeconomic assessments include evaluating energy and material balance of different technologies and analysing their economic performance.